# Matrice Transformations

Hey I’ve been using OpenGL for a little while now and even though i know how to use matrices i don’t fully understand them I understand how translations and scaling works but how does sheering shift individual vertices does it shift above an axis or what Ive spent hours looking for a solution and i just cant seem to find one and another question is when multiplying a matrix with MultMatrix(Matrix) does it multiply against a 4x4 matrices or one like this
[ x ]
[ y ]
[ z ]
[ w ]

and if i don’t know the slightest about what I’m talking about please put me on the right track.

Let’s make it simple and let’s try with a 2x2 example.
If you have a shearing matrix like that

``````| 1 a |   |x|
| 0 1 | * |y|
``````

the final point became
x’ = x + a*y
y’ = y
The shearing matrix move a vertex on a axis in a proportional way to another axis.

``````
| 1 0 0 0 |   |x|
| 0 1 a 0 | * |y|
| 0 0 1 0 | * |z|
| 0 0 0 1 | * |w|
``````

In this 4x4 matrix the y change proportional to the z (if a is not zero), all the other variable are unchanged.
x’ = x
y’ = y+a*z
z’ = z
w’ = w

But does that apply to all vertices and if it does doesnt it just shift all the vertices up(or down) or does that shift an individual vertice.

y’ = y+a*z

Well it will shift “a times z” the y component of each vertex.
So vertices with higher z will shift more. That is all.

ooooohhhhhhhhhhhhh!!!

yes thank you.
thank you
it just popped oh yes you dont know how happy youve made me.
you just made my day thanks again.