Does anybody know the algorithem behined DXT3 or DXT5 texture compression?
I read microsofts doco on it, but it was not very enlighening .
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In the interest of making this post a useful referecne for people who use serch buttons this is how I would describe Dxt1:
Blocks of 4x4 texels are compressed to 64 bits of data. For each 4x4 block 2 representative colours are calculated (stored as 16bit r5g6b5). Two colours being a linear scale between these representative colours are also calculated but not stored. This is the basis of a 4 colour look up table used to encode the block.
If alpha is used in a blok then instead of deriving 2 colours to make up a 4 colour table only one is derived. The colour table now only holds 3 colours. A reference to a value not in the table signifies a transperent texel.